Coalition approved judicial reform
Parliament approved a constitutional amendment that contains a judicial reform. In two years, the number of district courts will be cut from the current 54 to 30; the number of appeals courts from eight to three (Trnava, Banská Bystrica, and Prešov); new city courts will be set up in Bratislava and Košice; only courts in Bratislava, Trnava, Prešov, and Banská Bystrica will deal with business cases; and there will be just a single business registry, at the Žilina District Court. New administrative courts will be set up to deal with lawsuits against state decisions and election results, as well as with the disciplinary misdemeanors of judges, prosecutors, bailiffs, notaries, and possibly attorneys. The lower number of courts will allow judges to specialize, paving the way to faster and better decisions. The Constitutional Court will no longer be allowed to review constitutional acts. The Judicial Council will more thoroughly review judges’ property returns. All judges will retire at the age of 67 (72 for the Constitutional Court).